Summary / Abstract

Title: Book Reviews

Synopsis: Journal of Adolescence 1996 19 297 304 Book Reviews Depressive Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence Richard Harrington Wiley 1995 249 pp 14.95 This is an interesting book as much for what is left out... adolescents, book reviews, depressive disorders, depression, child, childhood, mainstream psychiatry, treatment, considerations, parent, community, prevention, future research, definition assessment epidemiology, contemporary mainstream psychiatry, strength, curriculum, efficacy beliefs, self efficacy beliefs, comprehensive critical review, weaknesses, Adolescence Richard Harrington, disclosure processes, intervention, contributors, perspectives, adolescent sexuality, understanding, Cambridge University Press, implications,

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journal adolescence 1996 19 297 304 book reviews depressive disorders childhood adolescence richard harrington wiley 1995 249 pp 14 95 interesting book left put harrington purpose provide date appraisal known depression arising childhood adolescence pursuing aim book contains strengths weaknesses expected paradigm operates contemporary mainstream psychiatry respect comprehensive critical review provided harrington examines major considerations definition assessment epidemiology relationship disorders factors related childhood depression treatment future research quite happy consider present state knowledge child adolescent depression multiple causes examining genetic biological psychological interpersonal factors development limit discrete areas biophysical takes considered approach matters concerned limits known claims made research studies careful identify methodological weaknesses studies gaps filled understanding child adolescent depression advanced draws interesting research adult depression inform understanding depression children adolescents result book reflecting mainstream psychiatric research rigorous honest appraisal limits knowledge good occurs early stages book details problems definition diagnosis depressive disorder pretend unproblematic matter shows major diagnostic approaches dsm 111 r icd 10 differ definition subtypes depressive disorder left impression good reader fashion clearly difficult get reflects limits conventional psychiatry extremely limited sociological understanding characteristic psychiatrists claiming biopsychosocial perspective unproblematic official statistics monitor numbers suicides sociologically informed individual peril interesting discovery higher rates depression females compared males emerge adolescence speculating cause recourse made important feminist insights effects female socialisation expected produce effect adolescence experimental design advocated exclusion methods gaining understanding social science depression involves social understanding book extremely limited i wish put interested reader provided aware limits terms reference useful analysis current state 0140 1971 96 03029708 18 00 0 1996 association professionals services adolescents 298 book reviews psychiatry relation child depressive disorders important humanitarian concern children young people michael sheppard life problems achievements therapeutic community michael little siobhan kelly arena ashgate publishing ltd 1995 10 99 pbk beginning 1990s dartington research team asked evaluate work caldecott community residential community children young people kent caldecott special place history establishments open continuously 1911 founder leila rendel outstanding figure development children residential communities work principles developed caldecott substantial influence establishments dartington team faced difficult task possible capture rich history tradition school community literally hundreds children passed years differing perspectives young people families staff researchers associated life community brought represent meaningful important outcome defined measured outside community persuaded value expensive placement unusual book mike little siobhan kelly young person resident caldecott 3 years tried answer questions members dartington team contributed book decision taken write little different previously written subject siobhan story integral writing diaries life history interviews left caldecott intercut conventional descriptions analysis caldecott experience introduction authors make clear tried number different things first provided history community describing leila rendel pioneering work comparing nature referrals century second looked closely group 60 residents left community 1986 1990 attempt made establish criteria relation long term outcome get sense happened significant group leavers third members research team spent considerable time live observers time get know young people encourage diaries video material develop questionnaire staff tap attitudes roles close look taken referrals 1990 gave team chance see children accepted accepted followed contributing knowledge outcomes contained book placed perspective siobhan story feel experiences girl allowed dominate scholarly text i disagree dartington team taken courageous decision allowing voice young person inform reader 299 book reviews i believe factual material enriched personal story interweaved book authors struggled past problem bring alive page complexity breadth institution dartington team successfully captured feel therapeutic community sacrificing scientific endeavour i hope book widely read concerned troubled vulnerable young people john coleman alcohol problems adolescents current directions prevention research g m boyd j howard r zucker eds lawrence erlbaum 1995 257 pp 39 95 motor vehicle accident mortality leading cause death american youth alcohol involved half fatal crashes statistic reminder urgency developing successful intervention programs noted alcohol problems adolescents current directions prevention research emphasis book prevention apt title preventing alcohol abuse adolescents immediacy number problems related adolescent alcohol motivated number intervention efforts design effectiveness unfortunately guided research setting prevention researchers attempted create scientifically sound interventions provide prompt practical guidance book consists largely chapters appeared special issue journal research adolescence looks reads like series articles sections eight original articles expanded two new chapters introductory overview first three chapters overview discuss preintervention research factors influence drinking patterns deliberate intervention family factors influence choice peers exposure drinking parental influences family management practices six chapters concentrate intervention research organized micro macro environmental perspective family school community settings chapters describe approaches family based program high risk families new generation school based prevention research harm reduction approach prevention alcohol abuse dependence heavy drinking college students multifaceted community program intervention chapters report success reducing rate alcohol effects efforts shown enduring final chapter summarizes research effect alcoholic beverage prices taxes naturally recurring preventive interventions control investigator research suggests increase taxes alcoholic beverages effective policy reduce youth alcohol consumption alcohol related injuries deaths professionals alcohol prevention face difficult choices overwhelming number prevention strategies limited number resources book detailed new generation research provides promising approaches 300 book reviews strong theoretical empirical bases book improved shorter introductory chapter addition concluding evaluative chapter integrate large volume research discuss implications research chapters despite shortcomings interested prevention alcohol problems adolescents book collection k robert bridges adolescent sexuality comprehensive peer parent curriculum l wodarski j wodarski charles c thomas 1995 168 pp 43 95 adolescent sexuality comprehensive peer parent curriculum covers wide range sexuality issues curriculum aimed primarily pre adolescents young teenagers parents book useful teachers health educators counselors providing services teen populations 6 week curriculum broad scope intensive topics teens gender roles dating sexuality biology reproductive functions prevention pregnancy abstinence dangers sexually transmitted diseases parent curriculum sections adolescent sexuality sexually transmitted diseases teen pregnancy communication skills conflict resolution book strength lies conceived teaching techniques teen curriculum structured teams games tournament model peer teaching co operative problem solving fosters emergence group ethos built values promoted curriculum learning activities role playing writing advice tothe lovelorn columns conducting opinion polls dating attitudes parent curriculum didactic allows opportunity problem solving role play discussion authors make date research sexually transmitted diseases studies cite adolescent parenthood published prior early 1980s note taken substantial body current empirical ethnographic research challenging earlier assumptions presenting alternative interpretations meaning early sexual activity child bearing african american community omission reflected curriculum adequately take account cultural differences attitudes regarding gender roles sexuality pregnancy practitioners working latino african american groups hypothetical situations activities based culturally alien students similarly problems presented parents roleplaying likely occur middle class two parent families poor single parent households enjoyable inventive teaching methods employed clearly presented informational component curriculum make book useful resource spite limitations creative practitioners ways making content culturally relevant necessary maintaining planned format activity structure organization curriculum stephanie schamess 301 book reviews conduct disorders childhood adolescence 2nd edn e kazdin sage 1995 175 pp 37 00 volume provides thorough balanced review topic conduct disorders childhood adolescence opening chapter gives reader good sense nature complexity magnitude problem parents caretakers mental health professionals remainder book explains currently know children adolescents behavior problems chapter devoted diagnosis assessment characteristics disorder treatment prevention directions future research social policy chapter diagnosis assessment contains useful overview measures antisocial behaviors children adolescents notes criteria identification distinction conduct disorder tentative book openly challenge medical model larger context family culture society receives due recognition factors found researchers play role separately combination marital discord inconsistent parental discipline practices alcoholism parental psychopathology book realistic encouragement current research literature time giving practitioners interested lay persons useful information concluding treatments little empirical support kazdin helps make know identifying criteria evaluate different techniques treatment criteria soundness conceptualization preliminary evidence judged criteria techniques appear hold promise cognitive problem solving skills training parent management training functional family therapy multi systems approaches kazdin emphasizes need investigate mechanisms risk factors produce effects conducting research purely descriptive notes neuroscience parent child interaction social information processing promising lines investigation point far prevention social policy concerned focus discussion question curb violence active engagement parents schools community media efforts specific recommendations require better understanding antisocial behavior facets matthijs koopmans disclosure processes children adolescents ken j rotenberg ed cambridge university press 1995 237 pp 44 95 familiar cambridge studies social emotional development martin l hoffman general editor know important series books holds remarkable record championing emerging trends developmental psychology reflects enlightened editorial board attuned contemporary science illustrates enormously influential series single handedly fashions field instance latest volume series disclosure processes children adolescents apt 302 book reviews successful predecessors heralding new era developmental study interpersonal relationships volume accessible engaging new study disclosure processes social relationships time providing provocative tour de force scholars engaged research topics work goes comprehensive review classic current research theory advancing inclusive perspective processes variations self disclosure childhood adolescence luminary cast contributors discuss form e g prevailing patterns relations friends siblings peers parents adults function e g establishing intimacy alleviating loneliness expressing affect sharing information requesting assistance selfdisclosure decidedly developmental outlook frequent allusions themes adult literature rarely elaborated chapters address normative description processes clinical applied issues overlooked e g instances disclosure victims child sexual abuse mechanisms disclosure family therapy despite fact self disclosure defined measured broadly disparately chapters reader undoubtedly struck common theme surprisingly little research done undoubtedly critical aspect close relationships individual adaptation true form cambridge studies series greatest strength volume timely manner identifies nascent issues ascending investigations likely dominate discussion selfdisclosure century brett laursen margaret ferreira lifelines risks pathways youth time r b cairns b d cairns cambridge university press 315 pp 54 95 authors volume synthesized years longitudinal research readable summary perspective research team generated 20 articles carolina longitudinal study involved annual contacts 10 years beginning middle school years lifelines risks intended nontechnical presentation major results study provides forum informed discussion related international studies adolescents risk presentation theoretical synthesis basic features carolina study provided brief section technical details study reported earlier articles chapters companion volume study initiated early 1980s followed total 695 male female adolescents decade remarkably 100 initial participants contacted year interviews ratings scales completed adolescents teachers detailed vivo observations provided data study major section book presents results book contains intriguing combination references research presentation original data points novel creative data analyses social cognitive map nominations friends summarize large database presentation authors acknowledge complexity bidirectional effects development longitudinal data document issues stable groups co existing despite fickle friendship 303 book reviews choices results show surprising contradictions general folklore adolescent development putative link self esteem deviant behavior supported data data raise serious questions long term stability predictive value self ratings aggression contrast data support utility fairly brief teacher rating form research practical purposes book closes chapters devoted guidelines represent developmental synthesis created authors specific implications providing lifelines serve provide individual environmental supports promote success life despite odds section thought provoking general tone compassion respect adolescents evident descriptions individual young men women basic component risk authors consider violence aggression nature study comment school dropouts runaways social isolation suicide insistence integrated holistic approach leads serious reconsiderations common sense unfounded expectations youth adolescents study involved suicidal behavior withdrawn inward turning likely act aggressive earlier years informed commentary extended research project book provides valuable information researchers adolescent development holds particular interest involved adolescents risk developmental perspective integration international research findings interest general reader clinicians graduate students field presence technical aspects reduced removed readers statistical skills chapters bit daunting authors achieved summary view extensive research program serve provoke examinations therapeutic preventive programs adolescents risk stimulate holistic integrated research efforts donald w knowles self efficacy changing societies bandura cambridge university press 1995 334 pp 49 95 self efficacy beliefs reflect degree people confident behave ways necessary reach relevant goals bandura argued efficacy beliefs facilitate human functioning variety cognitive motivational affective processes tendency engage adaptive persistence faced failure setbacks volume examines contribution efficacy beliefs make adaptation context contemporary societal patterns changes chapter offers integrated discussion relevant theory empirical research applied implications book prove valuable resource researchers practitioners alike important introductory chapter bandura articulates broad socio cognitive view sources adaptive implications self efficacy beliefs relevance wide range pressing societal concerns argues persuasively efficacy beliefs 304 book reviews important consider individual level group level form collective self efficacy beliefs characterize types organizations e g schools entire communities societies remaining chapters collectively broad scope addressing role self efficacy beliefs relation topics individual development family processes stressful life transitions academic achievement career choice development health addictive behaviors contributors offer uniformly written highly informative chapters considerable focus adolescents particular sufficient background provided ensure material covered chapter accessible wide readership contributors address depth specific issues fields germane focus book weakness impressive volume contributors offer premature possibly overgeneralized conclusions concerning causal role efficacy beliefs shaping adaptive outcomes largely neglected issue regard degree available findings reflect functional significance efficacy beliefs opposed importance actual competencies abilities provide foundation beliefs potential negative adjustment implications efficacy beliefs overly optimistic unrealistically high afforded limited consideration despite limitations book stands remarkably successful effort bridging worlds theory research applied concerns forecasting important directions future investigations practice david l dubois, com_apnet_jado_jado_1996_0027, KnowledgeStor, Knowledge-Stor,