Summary / Abstract

Title: Adolescent machine gambling and crime

Synopsis: There is growing evidence that children and adolescents who gamble excessively on fruit machines mayengage themselves in stealing and commit other criminal offences to fund their habit yet there has been little evidence from thelegal professions themselves. The aim of the survey conducted was to see if there was any relationship between criminal activity(most notably theft) and gaming machine use. During a 1-year period, police officers in Plymouth (South West England) collectedinformation from 1851 juvenile offenders with whom they came into contact. The results revealed approximately 4% of juvenilecrime was associated with gaming machine use and the survey offers evidence that a minority of individuals commit crimes in orderto supplement their fruit machine playing. adolescents, gambling, police, survey, crime, juveniles, fruit machines, Griffiths, involvement, theft, gaming machine, parents, evidence, playing, offence, attention, age, offenders, commit, Lives, school, Fisher, report, first time offenders, family details Lives, criminal activity, stealing, money, mother, male,

Related links for: Adolescent machine gambling and crime

Additional keywords for: Adolescent machine gambling and crime

journal adolescence 1996 19 183 188 brief report adolescent machine gambling crime tim yeoman mark griffiths growing evidence children adolescents gamble excessively fruit machines engage stealing commit criminal offences fund habit little evidence legal professions aim survey conducted see relationship criminal activity notably theft gaming machine 1 year period police officers plymouth south west england collected information 1851 juvenile offenders came contact results revealed approximately 4 juvenile crime associated gaming machine survey offers evidence minority individuals commit crimes order supplement fruit machine playing 1996 association professionals services adolescents introduction present u k legal restrictions prevent children adolescents participating gambling activities instance gambling casino making bet bookmaker shop restricted 18 years age buying national lottery ticket restricted 16 years age despite legislation legal restrictions children adolescents gambling fruit machines considerable evidence form gambling problem minority adolescents individuals display behaviour pathological e g griffiths 1990 fisher 1993 growing evidence children adolescents gamble excessively fruit machines engage stealing commit criminal offences fund habit barham 1987 spectrum children trust 1988 griffiths 1990 huxley carroll 1992 fisher 1993 retrospective evidence e g griffiths 1993 indicates individuals end coming attention police law courts despite evidence socially unacceptable behaviour fund fruit machine gambling little evidence police legal professions little evidence juvenile crime associated caused gaming machines aim survey conducted reported see reprint requests correspondence addressed dr m griffiths psychology division nottingham trent university burton street nottingham ng1 4bu u k 0140 1971 96 02018306 18 00 0 1996 association professionals services adolescents 184 t yeoman m griffiths relationship criminal activity notably theft gaming machine objectives methodology employed outlined section method procedure survey undertaken plymouth south west england police officers dealing juveniles first came notice standard practice devon cornwall constabulary fill juvenile form records details juveniles families circumstances case additional information affecting child family factors giving cause concern form information sought ascertaining adolescent gambling problem case theft show playing machines suspect case missing person reports criminal damage domestic disputes police officers asked probe done past confirm association machine process provided little extra paperwork police officers data collected survey 1851 juvenile forms collected 1 year period 1363 involved crime 233 involved missing persons 255 miscellanous e g criminal damage relation forms involving crime 933 submitted offender gained intended gain monetary advantage theft burglary fraud robbery information collected broken gender age type main offence committed family structure school type individual first time offender information collected offender self report verified confirmation offender family police investigation results 1851 forms 72 cases 3 9 identified association offence recorded machine playing 72 juveniles 67 male age range 8 16 years old five female age range 13 16 years old full breakdown mean ages schooling family background types offence outlined table 1 72 cases 62 86 involved theft burglary five 7 involved missing persons four involved criminal damage 5 5 case domestic dispute number first time offenders n 27 accounted 37 5 cases practical outline single 72 cases cases abbreviated give reader insight data collected cases unusual outlined show i consequences serious females males ii criminal activities theft involved e g missing person report iii family background bad iv involved fairly young adolescents 185 machine gambling crime case 1 sex female 16 years old family details lives mother father circumstances stealing parents 4 months amounts 200 truanting school drug problem hanging round arcades demanded 10 family allowance book knocked mother asked return money verified family involvement previous police attention first time offender comments parents withheld problems belief avoid criminal proceedings case 2 sex male 15 years old family details lives mother father deceased circumstances forced lock electricity meter 75 house put money machines city centre gaming arcade verified police investigation previous police attention caution theft table 1 summary demographic information offences juveniles n 72 criminal offence associated machine playing males females total general information sample breakdown 67 5 72 mean age years 13 7 15 0 13 8 family background live natural parents 22 3 25 live parent step parent 14 1 15 live parent 20 0 20 live grandparents 3 0 3 established unknown 8 1 9 schooling comprehensive secondary school 54 2 56 special school 6 0 6 primary school 2 0 2 home tutor 2 0 2 school e g unemployed 2 2 4 established unknown 1 1 2 type offence theft burglary 58 4 62 missing persons 4 1 5 criminal damage 4 0 4 domestic dispute 1 0 1 first time offenders 23 4 27 186 t yeoman m griffiths case 3 sex male 14 years old family details lives mother father brother home conditions excellent circumstances burglary two juveniles adult property stolen mail box involved school burglaries handling stolen property verified police investigation personal contact offender family previous police attention three cautions court appearance comments family indicate theft home 2 5 years property selling clothes excess 150 play fruit machines case 4 sex female 14 years old family details lives mother step father suffers lack supervision family violence mother father drink heavily circumstances missing person left home heavy drinking family ensuing violence spends day arcades nights result involved theft handling verified police investigation previous police attention caution theft comments sadly girl getting deeper crime public order offences case 5 sex male 15 years old family details lives grandmother son control circumstances police called widowed grandmother looked birth stealing money purse pension money period time money mainly city arcades fruit machines verified police investigation family involvement previous police attention four cautions theft burglary comments police investigation boy reveals average fruit machines junior doing discussion put findings survey perspective realized 20 000 adolescents plymouth aged 10 17 years age potentially commit crime fair assume vast majority commit crimes b engage regular gaming machine concluded vast majority adolescents need commit crimes fund gaming machine behaviour survey revealed approximately 4 juvenile crime associated gaming machine offers limited evidence minority individuals commit crimes order feed addiction acknowledged cases outlined survey actually get stage police involved quite possible probable instances crime related machine get reported blame attached 187 machine gambling crime e g drug problem parents able cope financially child stealing problem strong parental response problem acknowledged pressure attract attention come attention police survey limited family background details tended suggest majority juveniles involved heavy gaming machine came families fortunate strained family relationships ill afford support adolescent form activity impressionistically majority 72 juveniles survey ill afford play gaming machines doing stretched family finances parental relationships instances family structures juveniles suggested i family split past ii relationship solid step parents expected compared adolescent natural parents iii parent widowed elderly found control adolescent hard achieve worrying aspect survey numbers first time offenders third sample indicating first crime involved adolescents influenced worrying doing primary purpose funding gaming machine habit important shortcoming survey problem differentiating individuals stole order play machines children stole subsequently money play machines first scenario implies kind dependency individual stealing directly fund playing second scenario implies proceeds play machines predetermined playing machines afterthought information collected survey little help solving problem problem survey difficult separate fruit machines video game machines criminal behaviour reported due video game playing fruit machine gambling growing number authors identified links commonalities relationships slot machines video game machines e g griffiths 1991 fisher 1994 fisher griffiths 1995 commonalities two behaviours relation criminal activity strengthens arguments surveys carried small area country highlight need types surveys take place replication confirmation results found findings far anecdotal highlight need greater depth information gathered number unanswered questions like ones posed hoped studies raise awareness problem gambling factor juvenile crime police forces u k research stimulated area little empirical data references barham r 1987 teenage amusement arcades bognor regis bognor regis wsihe fisher 1993 gambling pathological gambling adolescents journal gambling studies 8 263 285 fisher 1994 identifying video game addiction children adolescents addictive behaviors 19 545 555 188 t yeoman m griffiths fisher griffiths m d 1995 current trends slot machine gambling research policy issues journal gambling studies 11 239 247 griffiths m d 1990 acquisition development maintenance fruit machine gambling adolescents journal gambling studies 6 193 204 griffiths m d 1991 amusement machine playing childhood adolescence comparative analysis video games fruit machines journal adolescence 14 53 73 griffiths m d 1993 factors problem adolescent fruit machine gambling results small postal survey journal gambling studies 9 31 45 huxley j carroll d 1992 survey fruit machine gambling adolescents journal gambling studies 8 167 179 spectrum children trust 1988 slot machine playing children results survey taunton minehead london author, com_apnet_jado_jado_1996_0018, KnowledgeStor, Knowledge-Stor,