Summary / Abstract

Title: Book Reviews

Synopsis: Journal of Adolescence 1996 19 105 109 Book Reviews Understanding Offending Behaviour J Stewart D Smith G Stewart with Cedric Fullwood Longman 1993 192 pp 15.99 As Leslie Wilkins 1991 has recently observed... offenders, moral panics, accounting, counselling, probation, youth, crime, Book Reviews, offending behaviour, analysing, supervision, workers, community, argue, school, countries, policy, ideologies, experiences, responses, probation officer, Stewart, adolescence, Ben Yehuda, Goode, deviance, morality, Sociologists, concluding, differ,

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journal adolescence 1996 19 105 109 book reviews understanding offending behaviour j stewart d smith g stewart cedric fullwood longman 1993 192 pp 15 99 leslie wilkins 1991 recently observed problem crime longer simplified problem criminal understanding offending behaviour stewart smith stewart fullwood make clear targeting offence behaviour probation interventions exclude wider range work offender community books see jacobs 1991 take seriously accounts social workers assigned supervise acquire services young offenders probation data study analysed 1389 probation officer accounts young offenders supervision seven probation areas u k 10 national sample based responses questionnaires authors categorize extensive array offender profiles six typologies typologies represent primary motivations offending opinion supervising probation officer self expression accounting 32 cases social activity accounting 29 social norm accounting 16 coping accounting 19 lifestyle accounting 29 professionalism accounting 28 question validity utility typologies effort ground common theoretical explanations experiences offenders interpreted eyes probation workers important right accounts skilfully presented strength understanding offending behaviour organizes enormous amount interpretative narrative providing unique inside look process logic probation work account stands case study illustration formal theoretical explanation offending behaviour probation officer theory accounts say professional orientations ideologies probation workers offenders causes crimes important primarily reveal limited options available responding young offenders despite good intentions hard work officers interventions recommended define problems terms available services conventional tools adequate clearly refused limit offence focused approach driven currently popular punitive control oriented ideologies remain offender focused probation work view community offender target intervention victims excluded correctional process mentioned accounts presented offenders virtually recommended services assume passive roles object services ultimately punishments services lead cessation offence behaviour logical structural paradox lost authors end special chapter greater manchester chief probation officer cedric fullwood cogent holes barred attack current government policies allowed unemployment rate 60 0140 1971 96 01010505 12 00 0 1996 association professionals services adolescents 106 book reviews youth fitting profile offenders calling major organizational changes community supervision offenders probation move inadequate policy choice passive treatment punishment control answering difficult policy theoretical questions primary aim authors contribution important regardless new policy directions explored staked research agenda move critical assessment logic community supervision provide needed empirical basis policy reform data limited u k themes raise universal criminal juvenile justice systems today book interest policy makers students industralized countries references jacobs m 1991 screwing system making work chicago university chicago press wilkins l 1991 punishment market forces brookfield vt dartmouth publishing company gordon bazemore counselling young people judith mabey bernice sorensen open university press 1995 138 pp 10 99 dearth useful books counselling young people addition literature welcome counsellors teachers social workers youth workers short informative book helpful offers easily accessed information guidelines counselling services approaches young people authors quite clear need separate services recognize distinct needs age group negotiating particular stage human development services require involvement counsellors respond swiftly immediacy moment young people flexible adaptable face lack resources certainly young people tend service informal apart existing services seek confidentiality fear reactions family members friends constraints evident school settings authors informed issues discuss thoughtfully realistically review integrated model differentiated model school counselling reminding reader counsellor relationship school members staff latter model counsellor primary ethical responsibility client organization unfortunately united kingdom schools access counsellors teachers apply counselling skills issues debated book examples school counselling services community based ones concluding plea greater priority provision services young people context increasing youth employment social change united kingdom authors shirk political issues declare 107 book reviews hopes election government real commitment young people create climate young valued blamed prevention support attention punishment reads like journalism academic writing doubt indication authors frustration status quo passionate commitment provision support counselling young people useful book brief sensitive discussion major issues containing interesting descriptions counselling projects services frequent short case examples illustrate practice counselling due regard paid ethical issues challenge counsellor faces young people hand acknowledging autonomy right self determination recognizing vulnerability david g challender youth europe alessandro cavalli olivier galland eds pinter publishers 1995 160 pp 15 99 pbk 35 hbk sociologists researchers netherlands spain italy germany france czech republic england contributed edited volume examines life stage childhood adulthood youth authors decided call definition youth central theme olivier galland argues strong case made view youth gradually markedly differentiated adolescence adolescence seen psychological physiological terms considered time crisis youth sociological concept longer viewed procrastination adult come represent important phase life cycle characterized extended study prolonged family life living away home prior establishing new family unit individual chapters highlight youth sense experienced differently europe young people france commonly spend period time couple living away home settling raising families tendency italy continue live parental home education completed job found contrasts individual countries apparent post unification germany providing good illustration things changing concluded majority young people east experience material social standard living comparable experienced west possible talk terms german youth dominant themes distinguish countries labour market problems significant britain changes attitudes sexuality morality increasing importance working career males females alike affected trends netherlands marked changes status role women important spain political upheaval social change relatively new phenomenon involuntary unemployment especial significance czech republic lynne chisholm notes concluding chapter national patterns dominated education employment sector 108 book reviews family sexuality lifestyle model countries differ balance constraints choices faced youth interesting esoteric volume series social change europe sociological account transition adulthood benefited subtitle effect works authors largely kept brief introductory concluding chapters tie avoid irritated occasional sexist generalization doubt worth perusal international interest issues addresses nicola madge moral panics social construction deviance erich goode nachman ben yehuda blackwell 1994 265 pp 13 99 pbk 45 hbk book useful undergraduates sociology criminology deviance courses looks detail issue moral panic analyses competing theories existence moral panics provides interesting wide ranging case studies countries authors explain genesis dynamics demise moral panics examine impacts societies take place authors argue moral panic fairly recent concept concrete manifestations moral panics described analysed time beginning renaissance witch craze cite examples prelude moral panics prohibition movement u first two decades 20th century crusade anti marijuana legislation 1930s sexual psychopath laws 1930s 1950s mods rockers clash clacton easter sunday 1964 marked beginning modern era moral panics goode ben yehuda attribute first term article stan cohen 1971 jock young seminal book folk devils moral panics year working idea mid 1960s core book attempt explain people irrational fears violence crime authors ask people concerned threats reality dangerous appear popular consciousness goode ben yehuda argue rationality culture specific important consider rules establish empirical truth cultural frameworks inform assertion true false moral panic argument criticized lack attention primary causes crime tendency identify offender ignoring victim treating offender victim taking crime seriously overconcentration victimless crimes drug abuse deviant acts hooliganism moral panic approach unresponsive legitimate concerns women ethnic minorities goode ben yehuda address issues alleviate doubts moral panic approach argue moral panic inherently ideological concept effect criticisms thesis based absolute relativistic sense morality appears turn criticisms back analysing three theories moral panics grassroot suggest panics derive popular concerns 109 book reviews elite engineered theory suggest powerful group deliberately engineers panics take attention away real problems society interest group theory moral crusaders launch campaigns get new rules enforced moral panics argue attributed elite engineered model grassroots provides raw material moral panic issues morality provide content interest groups provide timing moral panic complete taking account wider social context elites grassroots full spectrum ideology morality pole crass status material interests convinced moral panic thesis book provides fascinating insight subject dismissive value book change views utility thesis analysing crime deviance morag macdonald, com_apnet_jado_jado_1996_0010, KnowledgeStor, Knowledge-Stor,