Summary / Abstract

Title: The ISRD Study—self-report findings from N. Ireland

Synopsis: Journal of Adolescence 1996 19 95 98 Brief Report The ISRD Study self report findings from N Ireland JOAN MCQUOID Introduction While newspaper headlines constantly tell us that juvenile crime is on the... offending, report, offences, delinquency, drug, violent, prevalence, age, self report, parents, youth, crime, involvement, McQuoid, friends, school, education, males, law breaking, police, juvenile, adolescence, Ireland, working hard, commitment, Methodology, ISRD, incidence, income, gender,

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journal adolescence 1996 19 95 98 brief report isrd study self report findings n ireland joan mcquoid introduction newspaper headlines constantly tell juvenile crime increase known fact official police court statistics paint accurate picture extent delinquency offences reported detected police necessary recourse data victim surveys self reports measure non personal victimless crimes characteristics offenders degree law breaking regarded normal adolescence gradually reducing onset maturity order confirm essential discover juvenile offending widespread phenomenon attempts examine cross cultural patterns self reported crime 1988 nato workshop auspices dutch ministry justice resulting piloting common core instrument measuring self reported delinquency mcquoid 1990 present report summarizes subsequent large scale surveys amended instrument carried n ireland 1992 93 international self reported delinquency study attempt 13 countries compare cross national prevalence frequency explanations delinquency solve methodological problems research methodology study carried centre independent research analysis crime funded northern ireland office central community relations unit modified random walk method select sample national register juveniles existed resulted 883 14 21 year olds questioned face face committed 33 status youth related property violent drug offences nature recent offending sample consisted 52 males 48 females distributed fairly evenly age range peaking slightly 15 17 year age group two thirds full time education half lower socio economic status questionnaire validated 55 detained juvenile offenders reprint requests correspondence addressed j mcquoid centre independent research analysis crime extern organisation 1 5 albert square belfast u k 0140 1971 96 01009504 12 00 0 1996 association professionals services adolescents 96 j mcquoid results three quarters main sample reported committed delinquent act time lives half 47 done previous year majority 60 diverse offenders reporting five offence types prolific 5 involved 15 33 different ones vandalism bus fare evasion spraying graffiti prevalent offences marijuana reported 19 last year tenth committed vandalism bought stolen goods soft drugs frequent prevalent offence followed carrying weapon spraying graffiti hard drugs young people offended twice tenth reported offending 50 times year drug violent categories trends contrast detained offenders two thirds reported offending last year averaging 20 times main sample majority 88 last occasion offences gone undetected discoveries made parents 25 police 22 accidental witnesses school transport shop staff police fact detected 2 7 offences reported consequences found fairly minor 30 told 26 parental punishment 14 formal ones despite detected subsequently reoffended last year caught punished greatest proportion offences happened home 10 minute walk 44 followed town 26 city centre 25 third young people offended property drug offences half two three quarters four main reasons property offending financial 43 wanting items 26 boredom 14 violent acts motivation offence specific carrying weapons protection arson fun excitement beating people drink drugs glue liking look religion rioting friends involved 43 attacked first 33 carried away occasion 15 age offending first varied 4 21 years averaging 14 years tendency started early involved repeat drug violent delinquencies 7 offences happened first time age criminal responsibility 62 10 15 31 16 years males appear official police court statistics times females self report study gender involvement proportion 3 2 males admitting twice offences problem behaviour violent acts vandalism spraying graffiti decreased age drugs offending general peaked 18 19 age group prevalent 20 21 year olds offended two three times active general low educational status associated high frequency violent property offending higher status apart drug delinquency prevalent lower social strata property violent offences drug youth related ones equally distributed social groups prevalence 97 self report findings frequency offending source income parents scholarship highest young people receiving welfare benefits social control theorists hirschi 1969 believe commitment organized society attachment significant involvement conventional activities belief value system mainstream society protects individual involvement crime examine theory logistic regression analyses performed slightly different models generated depending particular type last year offending variables common large number close friends predicted participation types male thinking important work hard school contributed three models age liking school drug violent offending parents knowing offsprings friends property youth related delinquency source income youth related offences regression analyses conducted frequency offending distinguished prevalence similarity explanatory variables found significant general working hard size circle friends school parental supervision appeared important wider sociodemographic variables gender age social class income disappointingly models explained 6 12 variance incidence figures factors measured important predictors conclusion social control theory appeared provide explanation prevalence incidence offending age gender income successfully incidence prevalence figures decision offend first place appears related abovementioned factors frequency offending discussion study seen occasional rule law breaking serious nature widespread belfast methodological differences international studies results evidence isrd participant countries reports confirming experimental nature adolescence western world junger tas et al 1994 high soft drug found study prevalent northern european countries america southern ones trends noted correlates delinquency terms gender ratio peak age offending association lower educational levels violent acts social controls poor relations parents inadequate parental supervision disliking school found isrd surveys predictive delinquency importance working hard large circle friends significant study adolescent law breaking found widespread youths offended occasions 10 week traditional values n ireland despite relative economic deprivation years sectarian violence protected young people serious involvement property violent crime experimentation youth shows higher incidence prevalence soft drug 98 j mcquoid doubled pilot study place worrying trend self reported juvenile delinquency associated males late teens lower educational socio economic groups dislike left school job large circle close friends little parental supervision see importance working hard law breaking appears growing parents educators forces law order need differentiate prolific 10 merely going experimentation youth references hirschi t 1969 causes delinquency berkeley university california press junger tas t terlouw g j klein m 1994 delinquent behaviour young people western world amsterdam kugler press mcquoid j c 1990 self reported delinquency pilot study cirac paper 3 extern belfast, com_apnet_jado_jado_1996_0008, KnowledgeStor, Knowledge-Stor,