Summary / Abstract

Title: The association between weapon-carrying and the use of violence among adolescents living in or around public housing

Synopsis: The study examined social and psychological factors associated with the frequency of weapon-carrying by Black adolescents living in a community where there is extensive poverty and a high level of violent crime. Using a cross-sectional anonymous survey design adolescents ( N =225; males=44%) ages 11 to 19 years living in or around nine HUD housing projects in Augusta, Georgia were administered an anonymous questionnaire. The dependent variables were the number of days that a weapon, such as a gun, knife, or club was carried in the previous 30 days and the frequency that a hidden weapon was carried in the last year. Carrying a weapon during the previous 30 days was significantly ( p <005) associated with previous exposure to violence and victimization, age, corporal punishment scale, depression, family conflict, purpose in life, and the self-appraised probability of being alive at age 25, and was higher among males. Based on multiple regression analysis, previous exposure and victimization to violence, gender, age, and self-appraised probability of being alive at age 25 explained 17 per cent of the variation in frequency of weapon-carrying. The exposure to violence and victimization scale, school grade, and probability of being alive at age 25 explained 121 per cent of the variation in frequency of carrying a hidden weapon in the last year. The two indicators of weapon-carrying were not associated with family structure, religious behavior, or any other demographic variable. Copyright 1995, 1999 Academic Press association, weapon-carrying, violence, adolescents, living, public, housing, study, examined, social, psychological, factors, associated, frequency, weapon-carrying, black, adolescents, living, community, extensive, poverty, high, level, violent, crime, cross-sectional, anonymous, survey, design, adolescents, n, 225, males, 44%, ages, 11, 19, years, living, nine, hud, housing, projects, augusta, georgia, administered, anonymous, questionnaire, dependent, variables, number, days, weapon, gun, knife, club, carried, previous, 30, days, frequency, hidden, weapon, carried, last, year, carrying, weapon, previous, 30, days, significantly, p, 005, associated, previous, exposure, violence, victimization, age, corporal, punishment, scale, depression, family, conflict, purpose, life, self-appraised, probability, alive, age, 25, higher, males, based, multiple, regression, analysis, previous, exposure, victimization, violence, gender, age, self-appraised, probability, alive, age, 25, explained, 17, cent, variation, frequency, weapon-carrying, exposure, violence, victimization, scale, school, grade, probability, alive, age, 25, explained, 121, cent, variation, frequency, carrying, hidden, weapon, last, year, two, indicators, weapon-carrying, associated, family, structure, religious, behavior, demographic, variable, copyright, 1995, 1999, academic, press,

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